The industrial revolution fueled the development of new technology and improved upon on existing ones. Many modern productions methods are derived from this era. Here are important technological developments during the industrial revolution.
The textiles industry was the dominant industry during the industrial revolution. Before the industrial revolution spinning and weaving were done in households for domestic consumption. This was when mechanical cotton spinning methods were used. The power loom increased output considerably.
Further the use of machinery such as the cotton gin which enabled it to separate the cotton fibers from their seeds. Before the cotton gin this process was done by hand and was a slow process.
Iron production was another industry than benefitted. Coke was substituted for charcoal which greatly reduced fuel costs for pig iron. Coke was a much cheaper alternative to charcoal that had a few impurities and with a high carbon content. Cheaper charcoal substitutes and larger blast furnaces lead to economies of scale for iron production. The use of the puddling process, high quality iron was produced. The puddling process is one of the most successful methods in creating bar iron. The rolling mill was known to be 15 times faster than hammering wrought iron.
The steam engine with continuous rotary motion was created by James Watt. It was used for wide ranging purposes including industrial and stationary use. The steam engine was one of the most important parts in the industrial revolution. Other applications of steam engines include for traction engines, railway locomotive and steam boats.
The use of much machinery created a demand for machinery parts. This demand resulted in creation of several machine tools to cut metal parts. Before this all machinery parts were made by hand. Even though during the industrial revolution when machine parts were made it did not make an impact until 50 years after, where it became the largest industrial sector of the economy. This growth has resulted in many companies such as Eaton airflex in Malaysia in the industrial clutch and brake market.
The creation of durable machinery parts benefited many industries. As example the printing press had many moving parts and at the time any problems would warrant a repair that could take days or replacement of the machine. Since machine parts became widely available replacement of parts such as air shaft became hassle free and cheaper.
Other industries that saw growth during the industrial revolution include chemical production, cement production, gas lighting, glass making, paper making machine and agriculture. The industrial revolution had an impact all around the world and most modern inventions are a result of improved technology that was made during the industrial revolution.